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BMW Factory Boasts 230 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Units

March 19, 2013 By Linda Hardesty

BMW Manufacturing expanded its hydrogen fuel-cell material handling equipment across its 4-million-sq-ft production facility in Spartanburg, SC.

In 2010, BMW completed the installation of a hydrogen storage and distribution area near the plant’s Energy Center to power about 100 pieces of fuel cell material handling equipment. Since that time, the company has more than doubled its hydrogen-fuel-cell fleet to about 230 units to service the entire plant’s production and logistics functions.

The additional usage of the hydrogen fuel cell system was executed by adding two new higher-capacity compressors, new storage tubes and distribution piping, and eight new hydrogen dispensers. The expanded system will deliver at least 400kg of Hydrogen per day. BMW estimates that the expanded system will avoid 4.1 million kWh per year, up from 1.8 million kWh per year for the initial hydrogen fuel cell system.

BMW also released a project update to the Landfill Gas-to-Hydrogen Pilot Project. The first phase of the study, that validated the economic and technical feasibility, began in July 2011. The project has now successfully moved to the second phase of methane-to-hydrogen conversion with the objective of generating renewable hydrogen. The project team, led by South Carolina Research Authority (SCRA), is implementing and testing equipment that will monitor the hydrogen purity. To do this, BMW has installed a clean-up system that takes a stream of landfill gas (post-siloxane removal), removes the sulfur and trace contaminants and, ultimately, produces hydrogen via a Steam Methane Reformer (SMR).

Throughout this project, SCRA has been a leading funding and implementation partner. The Department of Energy has also provided both technical and funding support for the project.

The final phase of this project is scheduled to begin in late 2013. At that time, BMW will conduct side-by-side trials of material handling equipment fueled by landfill gas derived hydrogen versus commercially sourced hydrogen.

For its efforts in on-site energy production, the Environmental Protection Agency recently named BMW Manufacturing the second largest Green Power Partner. BMW’s US plant currently produces 38 percent of its electrical requirements on-site, mostly from its landfill gas-to-energy program.



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