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Renewable Energy Must Battle NIMBYism in 2013 with Better Tactics

January 17, 2013 By Al Maiorino

Al Maiorino

When the State of Vermont seeks a moratorium on wind energy projects, you know you have a problem.  Traditionally one of the most progressive states, the “Green Mountain State” currently is seeking a two year moratorium on new renewable wind mandates.  Six residents were recently arrested for trespassing during a protest at a wind farm construction site.  This is the only case of moratoriums on clean energy projects being proposed.  Sturbridge, MA, just recently developed local legislation aimed at keeping solar farms out of residential areas.  And in New Hampshire, a group has recently called for a moratorium on all commercial wind projects.  The moratoriums do not stop on American soil.  In 2011, the Province of Ontario, Canada, imposed a moratorium on all offshore wind farms.  In Hampshire, England, a large solar farm was greeted with opposition not just from residents, but also from councilors.

Companies need to look at their strategy of building public support to counter the NIMBY effect to projects, as the outcome for a smooth entitlement of your project is at risk.  US Chamber of Commerce stated that in 2011 over 350 energy projects were delayed or abandoned due to public opposition – and the economic impact of these projects were estimated at about $1.1 trillion in GDP and 1.9 million jobs a year. That is a lot of missed opportunity for jobs and clean energy, all due to public opposition.

Having been in the business of running public affairs campaigns to build public support for controversial projects for nearly twenty years, I can tell you that the key piece of the puzzle missed by developers in their public outreach strategy is the “campaign” style approach the opponents seem to do so well.

Too often renewable energy developers do not offer up an aggressive public affairs campaign when they announce a project, often letting crucial time pass between the announcement of a proposal and when public outreach begins.  Opponents use this time to build opposition and sway residents against these projects. By running a political style campaign, you can reach all residents, identify the supporters, and harness them into action for your project.  Here are some crucial tactics that renewable energy should consider in their outreach efforts:

Announce your proposal out correctly – When announcing a project, have a few pieces of direct mail ready to hit all the households in the host community to spread the positive benefits of the project.  Follow this up with newspaper web ads, and phone banking of the community to, again, further identify supporters.  Have an open house to answer residents’ questions and recruit supporters.  All of this should be done in the first few weeks after announcing a project, to not allow the opposition to gel and take over the narrative.   Too often companies allow precious time between announcing a project, and disseminating information to the community.

Meet with identified supporters – Once you have a database of supporters built from the mailers, ads and phone calls, the developer should meet with them so that they know they are not alone in their support, and they are a grassroots force that can begin to write letters to public officials, the newspapers, and attend key public hearings and speak out.  Rarely will a supporter write a letter for you or attend and speak at a public hearing if you have not had the face to face contact with them previously.

Build grasstops support – In addition to reaching out to residents, stakeholders and well known members of the community, along with businesses, associations, and other civic groups should also be met with to attempt to bring on board for support.

Keep an updated database – As you begin to identify supporters of your project, that information should be put in a database to refer to throughout the entitlement process of your proposal.  Coding your supporters by local legislative districts can also help if you need to target a particular local legislator who may be wavering in support.

The key goal of these types of campaigns is to never allow the opponents an opportunity to seize the moment because of inaction by the developer.  Just announcing a renewable project is not enough to assume that everyone will be on board to support it.  By running an aggressive campaign and identifying supporters, you have taken a key step of any successful campaign.  Knowing what to do with the identified members of a community who support your project is the next step, and one that will allow vocal support to outnumber opponents – whether it  be petitions, letters or crowds at public hearings.

In the new year, expect NIMBY opposition to renewable energy.  Meeting this challenge with proven grassroots techniques will be critical to making 2013 a success for renewable energy.

Al Maiorino started Public Strategy Group, Inc. in 1995.  His firm has developed and managed multiple corporate public affairs campaigns in a variety of industries such as gaming, cable television, retail development, auto racing, power plant/wind farm projects, and housing/residential projects. Additionally, his firm has worked on projects in twenty states and three countries. Al received his BA in political science and a MA in American studies from the University of Connecticut.



One comment on “Renewable Energy Must Battle NIMBYism in 2013 with Better Tactics

  1. The author has good advice for renewable energy managers. However, he leaves out the root cause and conditions that favor NIMBY: the regulatory morass created by the 1970s environmental laws and their parallel effects.

    The 3000 page MMS (BOEMRE) EIS statement for the Cape Wind project (still dead in the water after nine years) lists some 20 federal and state laws and permitting requirements involved in this project. Many of these are independent and uncoordinated. Depending on circumstances, these can be create direct barriers to renewable operations. They also send an indirect message to society and local residents: environment (now interpreted by the courts to include esthetic factors) is the overwhelmingly most important concern for the nation, so that even speculative or exaggerated concerns may weigh more heavily than any alternative benefit in the operations. And citizens know that even the possibility of law suit under the NEPA Act (requiring only an able lawyer and a small volunteer group) can gum up the works for a large operation.

    Most people don’t realize how this came about (see book by Manheim, 2009) At a time of perceived environmental crisis after the Santa Barbara oil spill (1969) the nation had been riding high economically. The overwhelming danger to the environment was perceived to be the immense power of industry and economic forces. Besides unprecedentedly detailed and stringent new federal laws it seemed desirable to have as many independent channels to control industrial activity as possible. Thus, as Stanford law professor Robert Kagan put it in his classic book Adversarial Legalism, “a sorcerer’s apprentice” system of permitting and oversight authorities blossomed.

    Many reports and discussions of the problem, even by liberal organizations, recognize the regulatory problem, but without wider understanding of the underlying causes reforms will remain localized and piecemeal.

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