Sixty-three fuel cell buses are now in operation in Germany and South Tyrol.
An EU-funded initiative, the JIVE project, announced the first deployment of the new, zero-emission fuel cell buses. In total, 139 buses will be deployed across nine European cities, making it the largest fuel cell bus project in Europe.
Fuel cell buses produce lower nitrogen oxide emissions than fossil fuel equivalents, and with ranges of up to 400km on a single charge can be as flexible as diesel buses. And according to BusinessGreen.com, the hydrogen needed for the buses can also be produced either as a by-product from the chemicals industry or via an “electrolysis” process from renewable electricity, the firm added.
The viability of fuel cell school buses was examined by the Department of Energy in 2008 in a report to Congress. In many cases, costs associated with fuel cell bus service seems to be prohibitive.
A 2014 report from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory states there are 24 active fuel cell buses in the US.